Carthage archaeological site is an ancient Punic city which was destroyed by the Romans and then rebuilt. Its importance remains in the multiplicity of these archaeological sites … which has made it one of the sites inscribed in the world heritage of UNESCO.
The history of Carthage alone deserves pages and pages.An ancient Punic city built in the 9th century BC, and which shone throughout Tunisia thanks not only to its maritime importance, but also commercial and military.
This city was first attacked by the Romans in 256 BC, then again and again in what we call the Punic Wars. Finally, the city finally had to give in to its attackers at the end of the three Punic Wars and was completely destroyed by the Romans in 146 BC.
In AD 29, the Romans will use the remains of ancient Carthage to rebuild it.
From this past grandeur, Carthage has preserved only ruins which nevertheless deserve to be visited.
Byrsa Hill, which occupies the site of the ancient Punic city, thus offers a magnificent view of the ports.
At the end of the 19th century, it was given a cathedral, St Louis Cathedral, on the border between Byzantine and Moorish styles and used today to host concerts. The place is also very visited due to the presence of the remains of the ancient Punic city.
During your visit to Carthage, you will also appreciate letting yourself be drawn into the district of Roman villas on the Odeon hill, where a theater also sits, built in the 2nd century: the building, which could accommodate more than 5,000 spectators, has undergone a major renovation work. The Antonine Baths, founded on the seafront in the second century, not much remains, except for a few remains on the ground floor. The same goes for the amphitheater, of which only the arena remains. But no matter: these vestiges nevertheless deserve a necessary detour to understand the past magnificence of Carthage.
Visits in Carthage archaeological site
The visit of the archaeological site of Carthage is really worth it… It is not only a simple visit, it is rather a journey in time, between the Punic empire and the Roman empire… An escape in the history to through different monuments such as:
1- Antonine thermal baths:
A rich and diverse site that includes a cemetery and Punic ovens, a chapel, tombs, mosaics, but above all the ruins of the largest Roman baths that can be found outside of Rome itself.
2- Byrsa hill: Saint-Louis cathedral and the Acropolium:
Most of the remains of excavations and ruins are stored in the museum located on Byrsa Hill. This same hill that offers a magical view over the city and the side and where you find the house of Hannibal Barca and the village of Barcides.
3- The American cemetery:
The cemetery where 2841 American soldiers and servicemen died in the North African War are buried.
On the walls of the cemetery, inside, we can read the names and each hero of this war, sorted in alphabetical order … then a few meters from large marble and ceramic maps representing the operations carried out in Africa …
4- The cisterns of Malaga:
Built during the time of Hadrian in the 2nd century AD to store the water that came from Zaghouan via the famous Aqueduct, these cisterns are made up of several parallel, vaulted and elongated tanks.
Their dimensions are quite considerable: 816 m long and 8 m wide
Other visits are essential such as:
– the amphitheater
– the circus
– the Damous Carita basilica
– the Antonine thermal baths
– the so-called Odéon district
Carthage archaeological site in pictures
Carthage in video
What to do in Carthage
Day tour of local towns with lunch
Guided bike tour of the archaeological site of Carthage
Visit of Tunis, the ruins of Carthage and Sidi Bou Said