Bouhedma National Park is located in the center of Tunisia, between the governorate of Gafsa and that of Sidi Bouzid (85 km east of Gafsa and 105 km west of Sfax), on the Orbata- Bou Hedma of the Saharan Atlas.
This Park Covers 16,448 hectares, it represents the second Tunisian natural park in terms of area.
It is a biosphere reserve recognized by UNESCO as a model area reconciling biodiversity conservation and sustainable development.
The vegetation of Bouhedma Park includes typical Mediterranean elements relating to the semi-arid climate of Tunisia, and is distinguished by the presence of the famous relic of the pre-Saharan savannah: Acacia raddiana.
Indeed the grasslands of Bouhedma National Park are part of the last savannahs in North Africa. The main plant species in the park is the acacia rad Diana.
The park also has the mission of preserving these species, which have practically disappeared from Tunisia, such as Acacia tortilis, antelopes: gazelles dorcas, de Cuvier, de Mhorr and dama, oryx, addax, the desert lynx, the jackal walleye, the starving fox, the Barbary sheep.
It is also home to emus and ostriches, which are easy to observe.
On the bird side, you can discover the Bonelli’s eagle, the gambra partridge, the sandgrouse, the wheat quail, the crested lark, the Spanish sparrow, the little owl…
Reptiles are also present: desert monitor, horned viper, Sahara frogs and chameleon.
400 plant species are found at varying altitudes with a dominance of acacia, but also:
Phenicia juniper, olive tree, rosemary, esparto, caper, lentisk, gum tree, acacia, artemisia.
The animal species that Bouhedma National Park is home to are part of the characteristic fauna of the Sahara and the arid Mediterranean regions, including elements that have been destroyed elsewhere in Tunisia. Endangered species include the Addax, African Ostrich and Mhorr’s Gazelle…
On its 16,000 hectares, several avian species have taken up residence there (ostriches, European orioles, hoopoe, desert sirli, eagle owls, partridge gambra…), dozens of species of reptiles and mammals ( chameleon, Greek tortoise, tarantula, desert agama, cobra, viper, desert monitor lizard, addax antelope, Dorcas gazelle, mouflon…).