El Haouaria city | Discover Haouaria and Cap Bon | Tunisia Travel Guide

El Haouaria

El Haouaria city is a Tunisian town located at the north-eastern end of Cap-Bon, at the entrance to the Golf of Tunis. It is administratively attached to the governorate of Nabeul, it is the center of a delegation and constitutes a municipality with 9,273 inhabitants in 2004.

The caves of El Haouaria, are indeed ancient quarries whose exploitation began no later than the 7th century BC. Sandstone has long been used in the construction of the monuments of Punic and then Roman Carthage. The quarry’s mode of operation was quite original and rare, the technique of which consisted of extracting the stone from the interior of the mass to bring it to the surface through square rise shafts. These quarries were mentioned by ancient sources such as the geographer and historian Strabo or Diodorus of Sicily “1st century BC”.

An exceptional universe, just at the end of Cap Bon, nearly 100 km from Tunis and 20 km from Kélibia and just a few minutes from El Haouaria beach to land on rocks at the bottom of a nearby cove immense Caves from where a nature that you have never known before. A heavenly place, the water is of rare clarity, well iodized; Here, then, the history which combines with the wonder of the site, swimming refreshes the body and excites the senses.

These Roman Caves of GHAR and KEBIR were excavated during the Punic and then Roman times to serve as sandstone quarries and provide the stones for the construction of Carthage and many other sites. For more than a thousand years, slaves were posted there mining and chopping blocks that were found in the Coliseum of El Jem and later in mosques.

This Monument is in the form of a succession of Rooms, in fact they are excavations hollowed out by a narrow opening that sinks into the depths of the site, releasing a pyramidal-shaped space.
On the surface, at the top of the promontory that juts out towards the sea, next to the openings that give access to the deposit, there are also traces of aerial exploitation of the site.

Its geographical location, its relief and its mild and temperate climate make it a favorite refuge for a multitude of migratory birds. The Romans will nickname the place Aquilaria or more the Land of the Eagle.

Each spring, 40,000 raptors of 24 different species, as well as thousands of storks and other smaller birds, stop at Cape Point before crossing the Mediterranean Sea. It is only natural that the families of El Haouaria develop an Art of Falconry dating back to ancient times, as evidenced by certain mosaics exhibited at the Bardo Museum.

Today, the openings of yesteryear no longer exist, the site having been bombed by the Americans during World War II as a refuge for the routed German army. Many side openings have been made and have been secured and fitted out to access underground. It is a great pity that securing the site is taking so long because these caves represent historical potential capable of boosting regional cultural tourism. You should know that this does not prevent you from enjoying the superb region of Haouaria.

 

El Haouaria city in pictures

Haouaria in video

El Haouaria on the map